Densitometry

Densitometry

Densitometry (DEXA) is one of the most commonly used methods of bone density measurement and imaging. It allows for precise and accurate examination of bone density, mineral content and early detection of the smallest degenerative changes. It characterizes the risk of fracture, which allows to protect against osteoporosis. If reduced bone density is found, DEXA is used for monitoring during treatment.

The densitometer device is intended for screening and preliminary diagnosis of metabolic bone diseases. It allows analysis of the density of the metabolically active spongy calcaneus structure (Os calcis). It is characterized by the lowest dose of ionizing radiation absorbed by the patient relative to competing systems (<0.2 mRem) and short measurement time (<15 s).

During the examination, the density of the heel bone is measured and then compared with healthy bone mass of the same age. The results of the densitometry test are displayed on the easy-to-use camera control console and the result is immediately available to the patient.

Densitometric examination is recommended especially for patients with high risk factors for osteoporosis:

  • Postmenopausal women,
  • Hereditary skeletal disease, e.g. rickets,
  • Endocrine and metabolic disorders, e.g. Cushing’s syndrome, hyperthyroidism,
  • Anorexia,
  • Malabsorption syndrome,
  • Cystic fibrosis,
  • Bone marrow disease,
  • HIV infection,
  • Taking medicines, e.g. heparin, corticosteroids, methotrexate, thyroxine, antiretroviral drugs.

Additional factors predisposing the occurrence of osteoporosis:

  • Gender – females 6-8 times more often suffer from osteoporosis as compared to men,
  • Calcium deficiency,
  • Sedentary lifestyle,
  • Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption,
  • Disease in the family,
  • Underweight,
  • Early menopause.

Indications for bone density examination in children and adolescents:

  • Absorption disorders,
  • Chronic use of certain drugs (e.g., steroidal, anti-retroviral),
  • Long-term immobilization,
  • Hormonal disorders (diabetes, hyperthyroidism),
  • Some infectious diseases (e.g. HIV),
  • Neurological diseases (paresis, paralysis),
  • Epilepsy,
  • Rheumatoid diseases (chronic arthritis),
  • Congenital bone fragility,
  • Anorexia or anorexia nervosa,
  • Juvenile or childhood adolescent osteoporosis – bone atrophy of unknown cause (idiopathic osteoporosis).

Price list

Densitometry (depending on the scope) 80-350 PLN
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